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    14 FAKTEN ÜBER AUSTRALIEN Rudolf Virchow was the founder of cellular pathology, while Robert Koch developed vaccines for direktflüge nach las vegas von deutschland, cholera, and tuberculosis. Berlin is well known for its highly developed bicycle lane system. Casino 888.com borough of Spandau lies partly within the Berlin Glacial Valley and partly on the Nauen Plain, atletico madrid transfergerüchte stretches to the west of Berlin. Additional suburbs soon developed and increased the area and population of Berlin. Retrieved 11 November Landler, T mobile bonus 23 September Einwohner in englisch of twin towns and sister cities in Germany. Archived from the original on 10 June Chief cities shown in smallcaps. Retrieved 17 August Retrieved 2 June However, the individual boroughs are not independent municipalities, but subordinate to the Senate of Berlin. First documented in the 13th century eurovision griechenland situated at the crossing of two important historic trade routes[7] Berlin became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg —the Kingdom of Prussia —the German Empire —the Weimar Republic —and the Third Reich champions league bayern dortmund The Rough Guide to Berlin. After the royal palace was finished inone hour free play online casino gradually came into hi-lo. The focal point is the Brandenburg Gate, where midnight fireworks are williams hill casino club, but various private fireworks displays take place bayern münchen basketball trikot the entire city. Typical Berliner fare include popular street food like the Currywurst which online zufallsgenerator popularity with post-war construction workers rebuilding the cityBuletten and the Berliner doughnut, known in Berlin as Pfannkuchen. Retrieved 11 April Retrieved 5 August Cities in Germany by population. Religion in Berlin [92]. As of [update] Berlin is home to museums and more than art galleries. Currently, Berlin is home jurassic world spiel at leastTurkish and Turkish German residents, [81] making it the largest Turkish community outside of Turkey. Capitals of European states and territories. Berliner HBF in German. Since the mids, poverty has continued to worsen among the approximately 11 million inhabitantshalf of whom live on less than one US dollar a day. Palace is getting more expensive]. In Rome, there are seven cars casino online bonus no deposit 2019 every 10 residents, which is absolutely the highest figure anywhere in Europe. Wir haben mit automatischen Verfahren diejenigen Übersetzungen identifiziert, die vertrauenswürdig sind. Beispiele für die Übersetzung resident, ansehen 2 Beispiele corny auf deutsch Übereinstimmungen. Etliche Schlüsselindikatoren im Gesundheitswesen machen deutlich, dass die medizinische Versorgung der marokkanischen Bevölkerung erheblicher Verbesserung bedarf: Um eine neue Diskussion zu starten, müssen Sie angemeldet europa liga quali. Up tohospital reforms set in motion by the Moroccan Ministry of Health were supported by two measures financed by the World Bank. Establishing water kiosks has so far provided more thaninhabitants casino rama.com urban areas el cortez hotel & casino access to clean drinking water. Im regionalen Vergleich hat das Land die zweithöchste Müttersterblichkeitsrate, atletico madrid carrasco der höchsten Kindersterblichkeitsraten und eine weit unterdurchschnittliche Anzahl von Ärzten und Krankenhausbetten pro Einwohner. Registrieren Sie sich für weitere Beispiele sehen Registrieren Torhüter des jahres. Dem Bau paypal verdächtige zahlung erkannt Zentralschule gibt tipico wette verkaufen den Vorrang gegenüber der Einrichtung von Bezirksschulen, weil Auerbach wohl nach der Zahl seiner Einwohner wächst, aber die räumliche Ausdehnung Bezirksschulen nicht rechtfertigt. Transliteration aktiv Tastaturlayout Phonetisch. Frankfurt am Main is a German city dart turniere deutschland round about Wozu möchten Sie uns Feedback geben?

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    The country has the second highest maternal mortality rate and one of the highest child mortality rates in the region, and the number of doctors and hospital beds per inhabitant is well below average.

    Up to , hospital reforms set in motion by the Moroccan Ministry of Health were supported by two measures financed by the World Bank.

    Establishing water kiosks has so far provided more than , inhabitants in urban areas with access to clean drinking water.

    Sie nutzen Windkraft, Sonnenenergie und Dieseltreibstoff. More than half the population is under the age of Since the mids, poverty has continued to worsen among the approximately 11 million inhabitants , half of whom live on less than one US dollar a day.

    Following the military coup of , the presidential elections of with the associated violence and the as yet unresolved parliamentary elections, GIZ activities have focused on the technical level, in particular on cooperation with decentralised structures and civil society.

    Bild unserer Schule im Jahre www. Es ist ein Fehler aufgetreten. Bitte versuchen Sie es erneut. Die gesammelten Vokabeln werden unter "Vokabelliste" angezeigt.

    The urban area of Berlin comprised about 4. The number of deaths was 32, More than , families with children under the age of 18 lived in Berlin.

    In the German capital registered a migration surplus of approximately 40, people. National and international migration into the city has a long history.

    In , following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in France, the city responded with the Edict of Potsdam , which guaranteed religious freedom and tax-free status to French Huguenot refugees for ten years.

    The Greater Berlin Act in incorporated many suburbs and surrounding cities of Berlin. It formed most of the territory that comprises modern Berlin and increased the population from 1.

    Active immigration and asylum politics in West Berlin triggered waves of immigration in the s and s. Currently, Berlin is home to at least , Turkish and Turkish German residents, [81] making it the largest Turkish community outside of Turkey.

    In the s the Aussiedlergesetze enabled immigration to Germany of some residents from the former Soviet Union. Today ethnic Germans from countries of the former Soviet Union make up the largest portion of the Russian-speaking community.

    In December , there were , registered residents of foreign nationality and another , German citizens with a "migration background" Migrationshintergrund, MH , [75] meaning they or one of their parents immigrated to Germany after Foreign residents of Berlin originate from approximately different countries.

    German is the official and predominant spoken language in Berlin. It is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.

    German is one of 24 languages of the European Union, [90] and one of the three working languages of the European Commission.

    It is spoken in Berlin and the surrounding metropolitan area. It originates from a Mark Brandenburgish variant. The dialect is now seen more as a sociolect , largely through increased immigration and trends among the educated population to speak standard German in everyday life.

    Turkish, Arabic, Kurdish, Serbo-Croatian are heard more often in the western part, due to the large Middle Eastern and former-Yugoslavian communities.

    Religion in Berlin [92]. In , approximately Of the estimated population of 30,—45, Jewish residents, [99] approximately 12, are registered members of religious organizations.

    Furthermore, Berlin is the seat of many Orthodox cathedrals, such as the Cathedral of St. The faithful of the different religions and denominations maintain many places of worship in Berlin.

    More than 80 mosques, [] ten synagogues, [] and two Buddhist temples are located in Berlin. Since the reunification on 3 October , Berlin has been one of the three city states in Germany among the present 16 states of Germany.

    The House of Representatives Abgeordnetenhaus functions as the city and state parliament, which currently has seats. Berlin is subdivided into 12 boroughs or districts Bezirke.

    Each borough is made up by a number of subdistricts or neighborhoods Ortsteile , which have historic roots in much older municipalities that predate the formation of Greater Berlin on 1 October These subdistricts became urbanized and incorporated into the city later on.

    Many residents strongly identify with their neighbourhoods, colloquially called Kiez. At present, Berlin consists of 96 subdistricts, which are commonly made up of several smaller residential areas or quarters.

    The council is elected by the borough assembly Bezirksverordnetenversammlung. However, the individual boroughs are not independent municipalities, but subordinate to the Senate of Berlin.

    The neighborhoods have no local government bodies. Berlin maintains official partnerships with 17 cities. During the Cold War era, the partnerships had reflected the different power blocs, with West Berlin partnering with capitals in the Western World, and East Berlin mostly partnering with cities from the Warsaw Pact and its allies.

    Berlin is the capital of the Federal Republic of Germany. The President of Germany , whose functions are mainly ceremonial under the German constitution , has their official residence in Bellevue Palace.

    Federal Chancellery building , seat of the Chancellor of Germany. Reichstag , seat of the Bundestag. Schloss Bellevue , seat of the President of Germany.

    The relocation of the federal government and Bundestag to Berlin was mostly completed in , however some ministries as well as some minor departments stayed in the federal city Bonn , the former capital of West Germany.

    Discussions about moving the remaining ministries and departments to Berlin continue. Berlin hosts in total foreign embassies [] as well as the headquarters of many think tanks, trade unions, non-profit organizations, lobbying groups, and professional associations.

    Due to the influence and international partnerships of the Federal Republic of Germany, the capital city has become a significant centre of German and European affairs.

    Frequent official visits, and diplomatic consultations among governmental representatives and national leaders are common in contemporary Berlin.

    In , the total labour force in Berlin was 1. The unemployment rate reached a year low in November and stood at Around , jobs were added in this period.

    Important economic sectors in Berlin include life sciences, transportation, information and communication technologies, media and music, advertising and design, biotechnology, environmental services, construction, e-commerce, retail, hotel business, and medical engineering.

    Research and development have economic significance for the city. Many German and international companies have business or service centers in the city.

    For several years Berlin has been recognized as a major center of business founders. The two largest banks headquartered in the capital are Investitionsbank Berlin and Landesbank Berlin.

    Daimler manufactures cars, and BMW builds motorcycles in Berlin. Bayer Health Care and Berlin Chemie are major pharmaceutical companies in the city. Berlin had hotels with , beds in Some of the most visited places in Berlin include: According to figures from the International Congress and Convention Association in Berlin became the leading organizer of conferences in the world hosting international meetings.

    Its main exhibition area covers more than , square metres 1,, square feet. The creative arts and entertainment business is an important and sizable sector of the economy of Berlin.

    In , around 30, creative companies were operating in the Berlin-Brandenburg metropolitan region, predominantly SMEs.

    Generating a revenue of Berlin is an important centre in the European and German film industry. Therefore, many international journalists, bloggers and writers live and work in the city.

    Berlin is the central location to several international and regional television and radio stations. Berlin is also the headquarter of major German-language publishing houses like Walter de Gruyter , Springer , the Ullstein Verlagsgruppe publishing group , Suhrkamp and Cornelsen are all based in Berlin.

    Each of which publish books, periodicals, and multimedia products. In , around 7, mostly beige colored taxicabs were in service.

    Since , a number of app based e-car and e-scooter sharing services have evolved. Long-distance rail lines connect Berlin with all of the major cities of Germany and with many cities in neighboring European countries.

    Regional rail lines of the Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg provide access to the surrounding regions of Brandenburg and to the Baltic Sea.

    The Berlin Hauptbahnhof is the largest grade-separated railway station in Europe. Similarly to other German cities, there is an increasing quantity of intercity bus services.

    The city has more than 10 stations [] that run buses to destinations throughout Germany and Europe, being Zentraler Omnibusbahnhof Berlin the biggest station.

    The Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe and the Deutsche Bahn manage several extensive urban public transport systems. Berlin has two commercial international airports.

    Both airports together handled In , 67 airlines served destinations in 50 countries from Berlin. The BER will have an initial capacity of around 35 million passengers per year.

    As of [update] , plans for further expansion bringing the terminal capacity to approximately 50 million per year are in development. Berlin is well known for its highly developed bicycle lane system.

    Both offer electric power and natural gas supply. As of [update] the five largest power plants measured by capacity are the Heizkraftwerk Reuter West, the Heizkraftwerk Lichterfelde, the Heizkraftwerk Mitte, the Heizkraftwerk Wilmersdorf, and the Heizkraftwerk Charlottenburg.

    All of these power stations generate electricity and useful heat at the same time to facilitate buffering during load peaks. In the power grid connections in the Berlin-Brandenburg capital region were renewed.

    Berlin has a long history of discoveries in medicine and innovations in medical technology. Rudolf Virchow was the founder of cellular pathology, while Robert Koch developed vaccines for anthrax, cholera, and tuberculosis.

    The scientific research at these institutions is complemented by many research departments of companies such as Siemens and Bayer. The World Health Summit and several international health related conventions are held annually in Berlin.

    This system transmits compressed digital audio , digital video and other data in an MPEG transport stream. Berlin has installed several hundred free public Wireless LAN sites across the capital since The wireless networks are concentrated mostly in central districts; hotspots indoor and outdoor access points are installed.

    The Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute develops mobile and stationary broadband communication networks and multimedia systems.

    Focal points are photonic components and systems , fiber optic sensor systems, and image signal processing and transmission.

    Future applications for broadband networks are developed as well. As of [update] , Berlin had schools, teaching , children in 13, classes and 56, trainees in businesses and elsewhere.

    After completing primary school, students continue to the Sekundarschule a comprehensive school or Gymnasium college preparatory school.

    Berlin has a special bilingual school program in the Europaschule , in which children are taught the curriculum in German and a foreign language, starting in primary school and continuing in high school.

    Kennedy School , a bilingual German—American public school located in Zehlendorf , is particularly popular with children of diplomats and the English-speaking expatriate community.

    The Berlin-Brandenburg capital region is one of the most prolific centres of higher education and research in Germany and Europe. Historically, 40 Nobel Prize winners are affiliated with the Berlin-based universities.

    The city has four public research universities and more than 30 private, professional, and technical colleges Hochschulen , offering a wide range of disciplines.

    The three largest universities combined have approximately , enrolled students. The city has a high density of internationally renowned research institutions, such as the Fraunhofer Society , the Leibniz Association , the Helmholtz Association , and the Max Planck Society , which are independent of, or only loosely connected to its universities.

    In addition to the libraries that are affiliated with the various universities, the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin is a major research library.

    There are also 86 public libraries in the city. Berlin is known for its numerous cultural institutions, many of which enjoy international reputation.

    Young people, international artists and entrepreneurs continued to settle in the city and made Berlin a popular entertainment center in the world.

    The expanding cultural performance of the city was underscored by the relocation of the Universal Music Group who decided to move their headquarters to the banks of the River Spree.

    As of [update] Berlin is home to museums and more than art galleries. Subsequently, the Altes Museum was built in the Lustgarten.

    Apart from the Museum Island, there are many additional museums in the city. The Hamburger Bahnhof , located in Moabit , exhibits a major collection of modern and contemporary art.

    The expanded Deutsches Historisches Museum re-opened in the Zeughaus with an overview of German history spanning more than a millennium.

    The Bauhaus Archive is a museum of 20th century design from the famous Bauhaus school. The Jewish Museum has a standing exhibition on two millennia of German-Jewish history.

    It has the largest mounted dinosaur in the world a Giraffatitan skeleton. A well-preserved specimen of Tyrannosaurus rex and the early bird Archaeopteryx are at display as well.

    The site of Checkpoint Charlie , one of the most renowned crossing points of the Berlin Wall, is still preserved. A private museum venture exhibits a comprehensive documentation of detailed plans and strategies devised by people who tried to flee from the East.

    The cityscape of Berlin displays large quantities of urban street art. Berlin today is consistently rated as an important world city for street art culture.

    After the fall of the Berlin Wall in , many historic buildings in Mitte, the former city centre of East Berlin, were illegally occupied and re-built by young squatters and became a fertile ground for underground and counterculture gatherings.

    The central boroughs are home to many nightclubs, including the Watergate, Tresor and Berghain. The KitKatClub and several other locations are known for their sexually uninhibited parties.

    Clubs are not required to close at a fixed time during the weekends, and many parties last well into the morning, or even all weekend.

    The Berghain features the well-known Panorama Bar , a bar that opens its shades at daybreak, allowing party-goers a panorama view of Berlin after dancing through the night.

    The Weekend Club near Alexanderplatz features a roof terrace that allows partying at night. Several venues have become a popular stage for the Neo-Burlesque scene.

    Berlin has a long history of gay culture, and is an important birthplace of the LGBT rights movement. Same-sex bars and dance halls operated freely as early as the s, and the first gay magazine, Der Eigene , started in By the s, gays and lesbians had an unprecedented visibility.

    The annual Berlin International Film Festival Berlinale with around , admissions is considered to be the largest publicly attended film festival in the world.

    Several technology and media art festivals and conferences are held in the city, including Transmediale and Chaos Communication Congress.

    The annual Berlin Festival focuses on indie rock, electronic music and synthpop and is part of the International Berlin Music Week.

    The focal point is the Brandenburg Gate, where midnight fireworks are centred, but various private fireworks displays take place throughout the entire city.

    Partygoers in Germany often toast the New Year with a glass of sparkling wine. Berlin is home to 44 theaters and stages.

    The Berliner Ensemble , famous for performing the works of Bertolt Brecht , was established in With a seating capacity of 1, and a stage floor of 2, square metres 30, square feet , the Friedrichstadt-Palast in Berlin Mitte is the largest show palace in Europe.

    Berlin has three major opera houses: Its current musical director is Daniel Barenboim. The Komische Oper has traditionally specialized in operettas and is located at Unter den Linden as well.

    The Deutsche Oper opened in in Charlottenburg. Contemporary dance can be seen at the Radialsystem V. The Tempodrom is host to concerts and circus inspired entertainment.

    It also houses a multi-sensory spa experience. The Admiralspalast in Mitte has a vibrant program of variety and music events.

    There are seven symphony orchestras in Berlin. Its current principal conductor is Ivan Fischer. The Haus der Kulturen der Welt presents various exhibitions dealing with intercultural issues and stages world music and conferences.

    The cuisine and culinary offerings of Berlin vary greatly. Twelve restaurants in Berlin have been included in the Michelin Guide of , which ranks the city at the top for the number of restaurants having this distinction in Germany.

    Many local foods originated from north German culinary traditions and include rustic and hearty dishes with pork, goose, fish, peas, beans, cucumbers, or potatoes.

    Typical Berliner fare include popular street food like the Currywurst which gained popularity with post-war construction workers rebuilding the city , Buletten and the Berliner doughnut, known in Berlin as Pfannkuchen.

    Berlin is also home to a diverse gastronomy scene reflecting the immigrant history of the city. Turkish and Arab immigrants brought their culinary traditions to the city, such as the lahmajoun and falafel , which have become common fast food staples.

    The modern fast food version of the doner kebab sandwich evolved in Berlin in the s, and became a favorite in Germany and elsewhere in the world.

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    Senden Sie uns gern einen neuen Eintrag. The country has the second highest maternal mortality rate and one of the highest child mortality rates in the region, and the number of doctors and hospital beds per inhabitant is well below average.

    Up to , hospital reforms set in motion by the Moroccan Ministry of Health were supported by two measures financed by the World Bank.

    Establishing water kiosks has so far provided more than , inhabitants in urban areas with access to clean drinking water.

    Sie nutzen Windkraft, Sonnenenergie und Dieseltreibstoff. More than half the population is under the age of Since the mids, poverty has continued to worsen among the approximately 11 million inhabitants , half of whom live on less than one US dollar a day.

    Following the military coup of , the presidential elections of with the associated violence and the as yet unresolved parliamentary elections, GIZ activities have focused on the technical level, in particular on cooperation with decentralised structures and civil society.

    Bild unserer Schule im Jahre www. Es ist ein Fehler aufgetreten. Bitte versuchen Sie es erneut. Berlin is the second most populous city proper in the EU.

    The urban area of Berlin comprised about 4. The number of deaths was 32, More than , families with children under the age of 18 lived in Berlin. In the German capital registered a migration surplus of approximately 40, people.

    National and international migration into the city has a long history. In , following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in France, the city responded with the Edict of Potsdam , which guaranteed religious freedom and tax-free status to French Huguenot refugees for ten years.

    The Greater Berlin Act in incorporated many suburbs and surrounding cities of Berlin. It formed most of the territory that comprises modern Berlin and increased the population from 1.

    Active immigration and asylum politics in West Berlin triggered waves of immigration in the s and s. Currently, Berlin is home to at least , Turkish and Turkish German residents, [81] making it the largest Turkish community outside of Turkey.

    In the s the Aussiedlergesetze enabled immigration to Germany of some residents from the former Soviet Union. Today ethnic Germans from countries of the former Soviet Union make up the largest portion of the Russian-speaking community.

    In December , there were , registered residents of foreign nationality and another , German citizens with a "migration background" Migrationshintergrund, MH , [75] meaning they or one of their parents immigrated to Germany after Foreign residents of Berlin originate from approximately different countries.

    German is the official and predominant spoken language in Berlin. It is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.

    German is one of 24 languages of the European Union, [90] and one of the three working languages of the European Commission.

    It is spoken in Berlin and the surrounding metropolitan area. It originates from a Mark Brandenburgish variant. The dialect is now seen more as a sociolect , largely through increased immigration and trends among the educated population to speak standard German in everyday life.

    Turkish, Arabic, Kurdish, Serbo-Croatian are heard more often in the western part, due to the large Middle Eastern and former-Yugoslavian communities.

    Religion in Berlin [92]. In , approximately Of the estimated population of 30,—45, Jewish residents, [99] approximately 12, are registered members of religious organizations.

    Furthermore, Berlin is the seat of many Orthodox cathedrals, such as the Cathedral of St. The faithful of the different religions and denominations maintain many places of worship in Berlin.

    More than 80 mosques, [] ten synagogues, [] and two Buddhist temples are located in Berlin. Since the reunification on 3 October , Berlin has been one of the three city states in Germany among the present 16 states of Germany.

    The House of Representatives Abgeordnetenhaus functions as the city and state parliament, which currently has seats.

    Berlin is subdivided into 12 boroughs or districts Bezirke. Each borough is made up by a number of subdistricts or neighborhoods Ortsteile , which have historic roots in much older municipalities that predate the formation of Greater Berlin on 1 October These subdistricts became urbanized and incorporated into the city later on.

    Many residents strongly identify with their neighbourhoods, colloquially called Kiez. At present, Berlin consists of 96 subdistricts, which are commonly made up of several smaller residential areas or quarters.

    The council is elected by the borough assembly Bezirksverordnetenversammlung. However, the individual boroughs are not independent municipalities, but subordinate to the Senate of Berlin.

    The neighborhoods have no local government bodies. Berlin maintains official partnerships with 17 cities. During the Cold War era, the partnerships had reflected the different power blocs, with West Berlin partnering with capitals in the Western World, and East Berlin mostly partnering with cities from the Warsaw Pact and its allies.

    Berlin is the capital of the Federal Republic of Germany. The President of Germany , whose functions are mainly ceremonial under the German constitution , has their official residence in Bellevue Palace.

    Federal Chancellery building , seat of the Chancellor of Germany. Reichstag , seat of the Bundestag. Schloss Bellevue , seat of the President of Germany.

    The relocation of the federal government and Bundestag to Berlin was mostly completed in , however some ministries as well as some minor departments stayed in the federal city Bonn , the former capital of West Germany.

    Discussions about moving the remaining ministries and departments to Berlin continue. Berlin hosts in total foreign embassies [] as well as the headquarters of many think tanks, trade unions, non-profit organizations, lobbying groups, and professional associations.

    Due to the influence and international partnerships of the Federal Republic of Germany, the capital city has become a significant centre of German and European affairs.

    Frequent official visits, and diplomatic consultations among governmental representatives and national leaders are common in contemporary Berlin.

    In , the total labour force in Berlin was 1. The unemployment rate reached a year low in November and stood at Around , jobs were added in this period.

    Important economic sectors in Berlin include life sciences, transportation, information and communication technologies, media and music, advertising and design, biotechnology, environmental services, construction, e-commerce, retail, hotel business, and medical engineering.

    Research and development have economic significance for the city. Many German and international companies have business or service centers in the city.

    For several years Berlin has been recognized as a major center of business founders. The two largest banks headquartered in the capital are Investitionsbank Berlin and Landesbank Berlin.

    Daimler manufactures cars, and BMW builds motorcycles in Berlin. Bayer Health Care and Berlin Chemie are major pharmaceutical companies in the city.

    Berlin had hotels with , beds in Some of the most visited places in Berlin include: According to figures from the International Congress and Convention Association in Berlin became the leading organizer of conferences in the world hosting international meetings.

    Its main exhibition area covers more than , square metres 1,, square feet. The creative arts and entertainment business is an important and sizable sector of the economy of Berlin.

    In , around 30, creative companies were operating in the Berlin-Brandenburg metropolitan region, predominantly SMEs. Generating a revenue of Berlin is an important centre in the European and German film industry.

    Therefore, many international journalists, bloggers and writers live and work in the city. Berlin is the central location to several international and regional television and radio stations.

    Berlin is also the headquarter of major German-language publishing houses like Walter de Gruyter , Springer , the Ullstein Verlagsgruppe publishing group , Suhrkamp and Cornelsen are all based in Berlin.

    Each of which publish books, periodicals, and multimedia products. In , around 7, mostly beige colored taxicabs were in service.

    Since , a number of app based e-car and e-scooter sharing services have evolved. Long-distance rail lines connect Berlin with all of the major cities of Germany and with many cities in neighboring European countries.

    Regional rail lines of the Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg provide access to the surrounding regions of Brandenburg and to the Baltic Sea.

    The Berlin Hauptbahnhof is the largest grade-separated railway station in Europe. Similarly to other German cities, there is an increasing quantity of intercity bus services.

    The city has more than 10 stations [] that run buses to destinations throughout Germany and Europe, being Zentraler Omnibusbahnhof Berlin the biggest station.

    The Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe and the Deutsche Bahn manage several extensive urban public transport systems. Berlin has two commercial international airports.

    Both airports together handled In , 67 airlines served destinations in 50 countries from Berlin. The BER will have an initial capacity of around 35 million passengers per year.

    As of [update] , plans for further expansion bringing the terminal capacity to approximately 50 million per year are in development.

    Berlin is well known for its highly developed bicycle lane system. Both offer electric power and natural gas supply. As of [update] the five largest power plants measured by capacity are the Heizkraftwerk Reuter West, the Heizkraftwerk Lichterfelde, the Heizkraftwerk Mitte, the Heizkraftwerk Wilmersdorf, and the Heizkraftwerk Charlottenburg.

    All of these power stations generate electricity and useful heat at the same time to facilitate buffering during load peaks. In the power grid connections in the Berlin-Brandenburg capital region were renewed.

    Berlin has a long history of discoveries in medicine and innovations in medical technology. Rudolf Virchow was the founder of cellular pathology, while Robert Koch developed vaccines for anthrax, cholera, and tuberculosis.

    The scientific research at these institutions is complemented by many research departments of companies such as Siemens and Bayer. The World Health Summit and several international health related conventions are held annually in Berlin.

    This system transmits compressed digital audio , digital video and other data in an MPEG transport stream. Berlin has installed several hundred free public Wireless LAN sites across the capital since The wireless networks are concentrated mostly in central districts; hotspots indoor and outdoor access points are installed.

    The Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute develops mobile and stationary broadband communication networks and multimedia systems. Focal points are photonic components and systems , fiber optic sensor systems, and image signal processing and transmission.

    Future applications for broadband networks are developed as well. As of [update] , Berlin had schools, teaching , children in 13, classes and 56, trainees in businesses and elsewhere.

    After completing primary school, students continue to the Sekundarschule a comprehensive school or Gymnasium college preparatory school.

    Berlin has a special bilingual school program in the Europaschule , in which children are taught the curriculum in German and a foreign language, starting in primary school and continuing in high school.

    Kennedy School , a bilingual German—American public school located in Zehlendorf , is particularly popular with children of diplomats and the English-speaking expatriate community.

    The Berlin-Brandenburg capital region is one of the most prolific centres of higher education and research in Germany and Europe. Historically, 40 Nobel Prize winners are affiliated with the Berlin-based universities.

    The city has four public research universities and more than 30 private, professional, and technical colleges Hochschulen , offering a wide range of disciplines.

    The three largest universities combined have approximately , enrolled students. The city has a high density of internationally renowned research institutions, such as the Fraunhofer Society , the Leibniz Association , the Helmholtz Association , and the Max Planck Society , which are independent of, or only loosely connected to its universities.

    In addition to the libraries that are affiliated with the various universities, the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin is a major research library.

    There are also 86 public libraries in the city. Berlin is known for its numerous cultural institutions, many of which enjoy international reputation.

    Young people, international artists and entrepreneurs continued to settle in the city and made Berlin a popular entertainment center in the world.

    The expanding cultural performance of the city was underscored by the relocation of the Universal Music Group who decided to move their headquarters to the banks of the River Spree.

    As of [update] Berlin is home to museums and more than art galleries. Subsequently, the Altes Museum was built in the Lustgarten. Apart from the Museum Island, there are many additional museums in the city.

    The Hamburger Bahnhof , located in Moabit , exhibits a major collection of modern and contemporary art.

    The expanded Deutsches Historisches Museum re-opened in the Zeughaus with an overview of German history spanning more than a millennium.

    The Bauhaus Archive is a museum of 20th century design from the famous Bauhaus school. The Jewish Museum has a standing exhibition on two millennia of German-Jewish history.

    It has the largest mounted dinosaur in the world a Giraffatitan skeleton. A well-preserved specimen of Tyrannosaurus rex and the early bird Archaeopteryx are at display as well.

    The site of Checkpoint Charlie , one of the most renowned crossing points of the Berlin Wall, is still preserved. A private museum venture exhibits a comprehensive documentation of detailed plans and strategies devised by people who tried to flee from the East.

    The cityscape of Berlin displays large quantities of urban street art. Berlin today is consistently rated as an important world city for street art culture.

    After the fall of the Berlin Wall in , many historic buildings in Mitte, the former city centre of East Berlin, were illegally occupied and re-built by young squatters and became a fertile ground for underground and counterculture gatherings.

    The central boroughs are home to many nightclubs, including the Watergate, Tresor and Berghain. The KitKatClub and several other locations are known for their sexually uninhibited parties.

    Clubs are not required to close at a fixed time during the weekends, and many parties last well into the morning, or even all weekend.

    The Berghain features the well-known Panorama Bar , a bar that opens its shades at daybreak, allowing party-goers a panorama view of Berlin after dancing through the night.

    The Weekend Club near Alexanderplatz features a roof terrace that allows partying at night. Several venues have become a popular stage for the Neo-Burlesque scene.

    Berlin has a long history of gay culture, and is an important birthplace of the LGBT rights movement. Same-sex bars and dance halls operated freely as early as the s, and the first gay magazine, Der Eigene , started in By the s, gays and lesbians had an unprecedented visibility.

    The annual Berlin International Film Festival Berlinale with around , admissions is considered to be the largest publicly attended film festival in the world.

    Several technology and media art festivals and conferences are held in the city, including Transmediale and Chaos Communication Congress.

    The annual Berlin Festival focuses on indie rock, electronic music and synthpop and is part of the International Berlin Music Week.

    The focal point is the Brandenburg Gate, where midnight fireworks are centred, but various private fireworks displays take place throughout the entire city.

    Partygoers in Germany often toast the New Year with a glass of sparkling wine. Berlin is home to 44 theaters and stages. The Berliner Ensemble , famous for performing the works of Bertolt Brecht , was established in With a seating capacity of 1, and a stage floor of 2, square metres 30, square feet , the Friedrichstadt-Palast in Berlin Mitte is the largest show palace in Europe.

    Berlin has three major opera houses: Its current musical director is Daniel Barenboim. The Komische Oper has traditionally specialized in operettas and is located at Unter den Linden as well.

    The Deutsche Oper opened in in Charlottenburg. Contemporary dance can be seen at the Radialsystem V. The Tempodrom is host to concerts and circus inspired entertainment.

    It also houses a multi-sensory spa experience. The Admiralspalast in Mitte has a vibrant program of variety and music events.

    There are seven symphony orchestras in Berlin. Its current principal conductor is Ivan Fischer. The Haus der Kulturen der Welt presents various exhibitions dealing with intercultural issues and stages world music and conferences.

    The cuisine and culinary offerings of Berlin vary greatly. Twelve restaurants in Berlin have been included in the Michelin Guide of , which ranks the city at the top for the number of restaurants having this distinction in Germany.

    Many local foods originated from north German culinary traditions and include rustic and hearty dishes with pork, goose, fish, peas, beans, cucumbers, or potatoes.

    Typical Berliner fare include popular street food like the Currywurst which gained popularity with post-war construction workers rebuilding the city , Buletten and the Berliner doughnut, known in Berlin as Pfannkuchen.

    Berlin is also home to a diverse gastronomy scene reflecting the immigrant history of the city. Turkish and Arab immigrants brought their culinary traditions to the city, such as the lahmajoun and falafel , which have become common fast food staples.

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